The History of Baccarat
Read about the History of Baccarat, One of the Oldest Casino Card Games
Baccarat has come a long way since it was invented several centuries ago. Today, it is considered as the favorite game of high rollers and is treated as an exclusive card game, a game for which separate casino premises are devoted. In reality, it is a very easy game. There are only three bets possible and a very low house edge. Here is the history of baccarat.
The History of Baccarat: In the Beginning
According to the legend, baccarat was created in Italy. The story as to how this game came to be is interesting. It is believed that it was influenced by a game used in ancient times with which it was predicted whether a girl will become a princess or if she will be casted away. The outcome needed for the girl to become a princess was 8 or 9, just like in baccarat. This is believed to happen approximately in 1,000 B.C.
The First Form of the Game
One of the first forms that were a direct predecessor to today’s modern baccarat was invented by Felix Falguierein in the fifteenth century. Felix was an Italian, but some historians claim that baccarat was invented in France, because the name is actually French, which means “going broke”. This is only logical because excessive gamblers do tend to go broke. However, other reports about baccarat come from the nineteenth century, so it is not known what happened with the game between the 15th and the 19th centuries. The overall impression is that the game was taken in France from Italy and was developed there to become the game that we know today.
As the game grew in popularity, some European kings tried to make the game illegal because they didn’t want their citizens to gamble. One king known to do that was the French king from the 17th century, Louis XIV. But, the game survived and it is believed it went on to England where it was mentioned in 1886 issue of the Daily Telegraph.
Going Across the Ocean
Naturally, as immigrants travelled to the new world, today’s USA, the game travelled with them. This wasn’t only the case with baccarat, but with other games too, like blackjack. Soon the game became popular across the USA and in the fifties it was adopted by Las Vegas casinos. Some casinos modified the game slightly and made it an exclusive game available only to the rich people as a way to entice them to make big bets. It was considering a VIP game, but as time passed by the game became available to low-rollers too.
Today baccarat is not an elegant and exclusive game anymore. As time passed by other variations where invented so casino players had the chance to play the game in lots of different ways. Such variations are Chemin de Fer, Baccarat Banque and Punto Banco. The games have only small differences, but enough for them to be interesting. All of them can be very rewarding just like the standard variation. Today baccarat is popular as a live casino game too. Read about this in our Live Dealer Baccarat article.